Does Watermelon Reduce Uric Acid?

Posted by Alerna Kidney Health on



  • Watermelon, with its hydrating qualities and citrulline content, might assist in reducing uric acid levels, making it a beneficial addition to a diet aimed at managing gout.

  • Watermelon's rich nutritional profile includes essential vitamins, antioxidants, and a low purine count, promoting overall health.

  • For those with conditions like gout, consulting healthcare professionals is crucial for tailored health strategies.

  • Supplements like Alerna Uric Acid Support can complement dietary efforts in maintaining balanced uric acid levels.

Watermelon, a staple of summer picnics and beach outings, is more than just a refreshing treat. In recent years, questions like "Does watermelon reduce uric acid?" have sparked interest among those seeking natural dietary approaches to health.

Watermelon, with its hydrating qualities and citrulline content, might assist in reducing uric acid levels, making it a beneficial addition to a diet aimed at managing gout.

This article delves into the potential role of watermelon in managing uric acid levels. While exploring this, we'll also examine the broader health benefits of watermelon, grounding our discussion in nutritional science without making unsubstantiated claims.

Nutritional Profile of Watermelon

Watermelon's roots trace back to Southern Africa, where it was not only cherished for its taste but also for its nutritional bounty. Today, this colorful fruit is known for its impressive nutritional profile.

It's rich in vitamins A and C, essential for skin health and immune system function. Minerals like calcium and magnesium contribute to bone health and muscle function.1

Moreover, watermelon is a good source of dietary fiber and protein, albeit in smaller quantities. Its potassium content supports heart health by maintaining healthy blood pressure levels. But perhaps its most notable component is lycopene, a potent antioxidant responsible for its vibrant red hue.2

Lycopene has been studied for its role in reducing the risk of certain types of cancer and heart disease.

The Hydration Factor

One of watermelon's most significant health attributes is its high water content, around 90%.1 This makes it exceptionally hydrating, a critical factor in overall health.

Adequate hydration is crucial for various bodily functions, including temperature regulation, joint lubrication, and detoxification. For individuals concerned about uric acid levels, hydration is essential.3

Proper hydration aids the kidneys in flushing out waste products, including excess uric acid, potentially reducing the risk of gout attacks.4

Can Watermelon Reduce Gout?

Gout is a form of arthritis characterized by elevated uric acid levels in the blood, leading to painful joint inflammation.4 The amino acid citrulline, found in watermelon, may improve blood flow and reduce blood pressure. These effects can indirectly support the management of gout by promoting better elimination of uric acid through the kidneys.

Moreover, watermelon's natural diuretic properties could assist in reducing the concentration of uric acid in the blood.2 However, it's important to note that while these properties of watermelon are beneficial, they should not replace medical treatment for gout.

The role of a gout-friendly diet is supplemental, and individuals should always consult healthcare professionals for comprehensive management strategies.

Watermelon's rich nutritional profile includes essential vitamins, antioxidants, and a low purine count, promoting overall health.

Other Benefits of Watermelon

While the focus is often on watermelon's potential role in reducing uric acid, its health benefits extend far beyond this.

Watermelon is a treasure trove of antioxidants, particularly lycopene, known for its ability to combat oxidative stress and inflammation. This is crucial, as chronic inflammation is a root cause of many diseases. The high antioxidant content also slows the aging process, reducing the appearance of wrinkles and age spots.6

Another significant benefit of watermelon is its cardiovascular health support. The amino acid citrulline, abundant in watermelon, helps relax blood vessels and improves blood flow. This can be beneficial in managing conditions like hypertension, a common health concern globally.2

Watermelon's low calorie and high water content make it an excellent choice for weight management. It provides a feeling of fullness with minimal calorie intake, making it an ideal snack for those looking to maintain or lose weight.

Furthermore, the fruit contributes to skin and eye health thanks to its Vitamin A content. It also supports immune health with its Vitamin C content, which is essential for healing and preventing infections.1

Balanced Diet for Uric Acid Control

When managing uric acid levels, relying solely on watermelon or any food is not advisable. A balanced diet plays a pivotal role in this context.

A diet low in purines is recommended, as purines can break down into uric acid. This involves focusing on various fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins while limiting the intake of high-purine foods.4

Hydration is another critical factor. Drinking plenty of water helps dilute uric acid and promotes its elimination through the kidneys. Adequate water intake, combined with a balanced diet, creates an environment less conducive to developing gout and other uric acid-related issues.

Alongside watermelon, maintain a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins to manage uric acid levels effectively and promote overall health.

Foods to Avoid and Include

Managing uric acid levels effectively involves being mindful of dietary choices.4,5 Here's a more detailed breakdown of foods to avoid and include:

Foods to Avoid:

  • High-Purine Meats: Red meats like beef, lamb, and pork; organ meats like liver and kidney.

  • Certain Seafood: Anchovies, sardines, mackerel, herring, and scallops are high in purines.

  • Alcoholic Drinks: Particularly beer and spirits, as they can increase uric acid production and reduce its excretion.

  • Sugary Beverages: Sugary drinks with high-fructose corn syrup, including certain sodas and fruit juices.

  • Processed Foods: These often contain high levels of purines and sugars.

Foods to Include:

  • Fruits: Especially citrus fruits, cherries, and berries; watermelon is specifically beneficial for hydration and essential nutrients.

  • Vegetables: Most vegetables, including leafy greens, carrots, and cucumbers, are low in purines. Note: While asparagus, cauliflower, and spinach are slightly higher in purines, they can still be a part of a balanced diet.

  • Whole Grains: Brown rice, oats, and whole wheat products provide the necessary fiber and nutrients without high purine content.

  • Low-Fat Dairy Products: Milk, cheese, and yogurt can benefit from their low purine content.

  • Eggs: A good source of protein with low purine levels.

  • Lean Proteins: Chicken, turkey, and legumes (like lentils and beans) are excellent protein sources with lower purine content than red meat.

  • Nuts and Seeds: A great source of healthy fats and proteins with low purine levels.

  • Water and Other Healthy Beverages: Staying well-hydrated is crucial. Herbal teas and coffee (in moderation) can be included.

Additional Considerations:

  • Vitamin C-Rich Foods: Vitamin C may help lower uric acid levels. Include bell peppers, oranges, strawberries, and kiwi in your diet.

  • Cherries: Some studies suggest that cherries can reduce the risk of gout attacks.

  • Moderation and Balance: Even with low-purine foods, moderation is key. Overeating any food can lead to weight gain, which is a risk factor for gout.

Watermelon is versatile in recipes like salads, smoothies, and salsas, enhancing both flavor and nutrition.

Creative Ways to Include Watermelon

Incorporating watermelon into your diet not only enhances your meals with a refreshing taste but also boosts your intake of vital nutrients. Let's explore creative and delicious ways to enjoy this versatile fruit:

  1. Watermelon Salad: A perfect blend of sweet and savory, mix watermelon cubes with crumbled feta cheese, fresh mint leaves, and a light drizzle of balsamic glaze for a refreshing salad.

  2. Watermelon Smoothies: For a hydrating beverage, blend watermelon with other fruits like berries or bananas. Add a splash of lime or lemon juice for an extra zing.

  3. Grilled Watermelon: Grilling watermelon slices caramelizes their natural sugars, enhancing the sweetness. Serve as a side dish or dessert, perhaps with a sprinkle of salt or a dollop of yogurt.

  4. Watermelon Salsa: Create a unique salsa by combining diced watermelon with chopped onions, bell peppers, cilantro, and a squeeze of lime juice. Great with chips or as a topping for grilled fish or chicken.

  5. Frozen Watermelon Treats: Freeze watermelon cubes or puree for a simple, cooling snack. These can be eaten as is or blended into smoothies for a frosty treat.

  6. Infused Water: Enhance your water intake by adding chunks of watermelon. This not only flavors the water but also adds nutrients.

  7. Watermelon Gazpacho: Blend watermelon for a cold soup, combining it with tomatoes, cucumbers, and herbs for a light and refreshing gazpacho, perfect for warm weather.

  8. Pickled Watermelon Rind: Don't discard the rind! Pickle it with vinegar, sugar, and spices for a tangy and sweet condiment.

These ideas show that watermelon can be more than just a summer snack. Its versatility allows it to be incorporated into various dishes, contributing flavor and nutrition.

When to Seek Medical Advice

Consult a healthcare professional if you experience joint pain, swelling, or redness, as these could be signs of gout or other health issues.

If you have a history of kidney problems or are considering significant dietary changes for health reasons, it's crucial to seek guidance from a healthcare provider.

They can offer personalized advice and treatment plans based on your specific health needs and medical history. Remember, self-diagnosis and treatment can sometimes lead to more harm than good, making professional medical consultation vital in managing your health effectively.

Gout Management with Uric Acid Support Supplements

Supplements like Alerna Kidney Health's Uric Acid Support can be considered for gout management.

This supplement promotes healthy uric acid levels and supports overall joint function. It includes ingredients like Turmeric, Bromelain, Grape Seed Extract, Tart Cherry, Quercetin, and Vitamin E, known for their benefits in joint comfort and uric acid balance. Taking one tablet in the morning and one at night is recommended, preferably with meals.

Supplements like Alerna Uric Acid Support can complement dietary efforts in maintaining balanced uric acid levels.

However, always consult a healthcare professional before starting any new supplement, especially if you have pre-existing health conditions or are on medication.

Conclusion: Embracing Watermelon for Health and Balance

Watermelon is a nutritional powerhouse offering a multitude of health benefits. Its rich content of vitamins, antioxidants, and hydrating properties supports overall health and is a refreshing variety to the diet. From aiding in hydration to potentially assisting in uric acid management, watermelon stands out as a versatile and beneficial fruit.1,2

Managing health conditions like gout or high uric acid levels requires a holistic approach. While incorporating watermelon into your diet can be beneficial, it should be part of a balanced dietary plan. Consulting healthcare professionals is crucial for personalized advice, especially when symptoms of related health issues arise.

When considering supplements like Alerna Uric Acid Support, viewing them as part of a comprehensive health strategy is important. These supplements, alongside a diet rich in beneficial foods like watermelon, can support health goals. Remember, the journey to health is a combination of wise dietary choices, professional guidance, and a proactive approach to lifestyle management.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Does eating watermelon help reduce uric acid levels? Watermelon may aid inloweringg uric acid due to its hydration properties and citrulline content.

  2. Can watermelon be a part of a gout diet? Yes, watermelon can be included in a gout diet as it's low in purines and helps in hydration.

  3. What are the health benefits of watermelon? Watermelon offers hydration, antioxidants, and nutrients like vitamins A and C, and lycopene.

  4. Is watermelon high in purines? No, watermelon is low in purines, making it suitable for those managing uric acid levels.

  5. Can watermelon improve kidney health? Watermelon's hydration and diuretic properties may support kidney health by aiding in flushing out toxins.

Medical Disclaimer:

The information provided in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and should not be considered a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Please consult with your healthcare provider before starting any new dietary supplement, especially if you are pregnant, nursing, have a medical condition or are taking other medications. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read in this article.


  1. FoodData Central. (n.d.).

  2. Fulgoni K, Fulgoni VL 3rd. Watermelon Intake Is Associated with Increased Nutrient Intake and Higher Diet Quality in Adults and Children, NHANES 2003-2018. Nutrients. 2022 Nov 18;14(22):4883. doi: 10.3390/nu14224883. PMID: 36432573; PMCID: PMC9692283.

  3. Sawka MN, Latzka WA, Matott RP, Montain SJ. Hydration effects on temperature regulation. Int J Sports Med. 1998 Jun;19 Suppl 2:S108-10. doi: 10.1055/s-2007-971971. PMID: 9694412.

  4. Kakutani-Hatayama M, Kadoya M, Okazaki H, Kurajoh M, Shoji T, Koyama H, Tsutsumi Z, Moriwaki Y, Namba M, Yamamoto T. Nonpharmacological Management of Gout and Hyperuricemia: Hints for Better Lifestyle. Am J Lifestyle Med. 2015 Sep 2;11(4):321-329. doi: 10.1177/1559827615601973. PMID: 30202351; PMCID: PMC6125106.

  5. Zhang Y, Chen S, Yuan M, Xu Y, Xu H. Gout and Diet: A Comprehensive Review of Mechanisms and Management. Nutrients. 2022 Aug 26;14(17):3525. doi: 10.3390/nu14173525. PMID: 36079783; PMCID: PMC9459802.

  6. USDA ARS Online Magazine Vol. 50, No. 6. (n.d.).


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